The electric energy storage system found in an electric vehicle can be found in the form of a battery. However, the battery type within the electric vehicle is very much dependent on the model and type of battery chemistry found in the vehicle. Is it a (BEV), Battery Electric Vehicle or is it (PHEV), Plug-in-Hybrid Electric Vehicle?
Prior to the purchase, it is also important for the customer to consider: -
A typical electric vehicle battery, (40 – 60 kWh) is designed for an average 8 to 12 year life cycle with a range of over 120 miles.
Battery Chemistry; what the customer needs to know.
There are 3 types of rechargeable batteries used in an electric vehicle with each having their own distinct advantages and disadvantages.
1.Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery
2. Nickel-metal (NiMH) batteries